Showing posts from December, 2012

Colonies in Crisis: Imperial Rivalries, Expansion, Diversity, and Unexpected Problems in Governance

Well, after a long hiatus, I'm back! So, let's get right to work, shall we?

Overview of Main Points
In the 1650s, the English government was rebounding from a civil war led by Oliver Cromwell and now had a newly powerful Parliament. They perceived significant economic benefits for England through trade (such as mercantilism) and competition against the Dutch. In 1660, King Charles II was restored to power. However, he needs money and fears going back to war with the Dutch. He sought to cultivate wealthy investors and merchants and would exchange to them land titles in North America for loans. This, along with renewed warfare with the Dutch, results in more colonial expansion--England gained additional colonies in the Caribbean, as well as New York, the Carolinas, and Pennsylvania. King Charles II will also authorize new trade ventures (such as the Royal African Company, which was a monopoly on slave exportation to North America).The English government is now more committed to E…